Azerbaijan: Civic Solidarity Platform condemns crackdown on freedom of expression and association | Den norske Helsingforskomité

Civic Solidarity Platform condemns crackdown on freedom of expression and association

Civic Solidarity Platform condemns crackdown on freedom of expression and association

In a statement today, the Norwegian Helsinki Committee has joined two large civil society networks, the Civic Solidarity Platform and the International Partnership Group for Azerbaijan together with local organizations condemning the latest campaign against freedom of expression and association in Azerbaijan. – We are extremely concerned about the situation, it just seems that there is no end to the steps the authorities are willing to take to retain power firmly in hand, Secretary general Bjørn Engesland says today.

Since the start of the year, Azerbaijani authorities have broken up rallies arresting peaceful protesters and opposition leaders. Journalists, writers and bloggers have been harassed and 75 year-old acclaimed author Akram Aylisli has been subjected to severe threats even from the members of the national parliament. Proposals for restrictive legislation, running counter to international standards for freedom of association and expression, has been fielded. – Bearing in mind that presidential elections in Azerbaijan is just months away, the development is not acceptable and will undermine any hopes of democratic progress in the country, Engesland continues.

Tuesday 19 February 2013:  The International Partnership Group for  Azerbaijan  (IPGA), the Civic Solidarity Platform and local organisations condemn the latest crackdown on freedom of expression and association in Azerbaijan. Since the start of the year, the authorities have used repressive means to silence critical voices, including those of protesters, journalists and critics of the government. Days after the Council of Europe’s  Parliamentary Assembly  passed a resolution  which  expressed concern  about the situation in Azerbaijan  on 23 January,  and  criticised  the “restrictive implementation of freedoms with  unfair trials and the undue influence of  the executive,” the authorities detained citizens protesting against corruption and poverty in the north western town of Ismayilli and broke up two rallies in Baku, arresting more than 70 peaceful demonstrators.

Among those detained were the prominent blogger Emin Milli, the human rights defender and Rafto  Prize winner Malahat Nasibova, the human rights lawyer Intigam Aliyev, as well as the investigative  journalist, Fritt Ord Foundation and ZEIT Foundation award winner Khadija Ismayilova.

Milli was required to spend 15 days in administrative detention, while four others - Abulfaz Gurbanli,  Chairman of Azerbaijan Popular Front Party (APFP) Youth Committee, Turkel Azerturk, and Tunjay  Guliyev, members of this Committee, and Rufat Abdullayev, NIDA Movement member - had to spend 13 days  in administrative detention. The other detainees were released after several hours, though more than 20 demonstrators received fines, some as much as  AZN 3,000  for  purportedly taking part  in an unsanctioned peaceful demonstration under recently adopted draconian restrictions on freedom of peaceful assembly.

On 4 February a court detained Ilgar  Mammadov,  prominent member of the international transparency and accountability movement,  board member of the Revenue Watch Institute  and head of the political opposition REAL movement, who recently announced his plans to run for the presidency, and Tofiq Yaqubli, deputy head of the opposition party, Musavat and a journalist with the opposition daily,  Yeni Musavat. They  were remanded  in  pre-trial detention  for  two months having been charged with  allegedly inciting riots in Ismayilli, where riots and mass protests took place after a  car accident on January 23 that allegedly involved a close relative of  the  region’s governor. 

In a separate case on 12 February in Khachmaz district, a training on citizen participation in public policy,  conducted by representatives of  the  Election Monitoring and Democracy Studies Center (EMDS) under a project funded by the European Union, USAID and US NDI, was disrupted by local police. Police in civilian clothes burst into the training hall and confiscated the documents of the participants. The EMDS trainers Gunay Ismayilova and Javid Nabiyev experienced police harassment and were briefly detained. Both trainers have been informed by the authorities that they remain at risk of further investigation and criminal persecution.

Harassment of journalists, writers and bloggers  continues. The prosecutor  is seeking to convict journalist Avaz Zeynalli, editor of ‘Khural’ on charges of bribery and tax evasion which could see him imprisoned for up to 11 years and barred  from senior positions for a further 3 years. Zeynalli has already been in custody for more than a year after being arrested in October 2011, on the basis of a complaint made by former MP Gular Ahmadova, who accused him of blackmail.  Ms Ahmadova was herself taken into custody on 13 February 2013 charged with involvement in a corruption scam.

The  75  year-old-author Akram  Aylisli  and his close relatives  say they  have been subject to  intimidation by the authorities  following the publication in a Russian periodical of his controversial novella calling for friendship between Azerbaijanis and Armenians. This included a public threat by a pro-government politician to pay to disfigure Aylisli. Aylisi’s son and wife have been dismissed from their jobs in the government sector.

In a latest worrisome move on 14 February 2013, the authorities established a commission to handle complaints about  “ethical violations”  and hacker attacks on websites, under the government-affiliated National Press Council. NGO monitors fear  that under current conditions, establishing an internet regulatory body will be a significant step towards stifling freedom of expression online. They also fear that the plan  announced in January by National Television and Radio  Council  head Nushirevan Maharramli to regulate internet TV channels through licensing arrangements will further censor the internet, effectively closing the one remaining open space for freedom of expression in the country. 

The current concerted crackdown takes place ahead of presidential elections scheduled for October this year. In the intervening period it is vital that the international community hold Azerbaijan to the commitments it has taken before the Council of Europe, UN and in its partnership with the European Union to uphold freedom of expression and association.

Given the number of initiatives aimed at gaining international prestige, including a recent Internet Governance Forum, it is all the more important that the international community articulates clearly its expectations of Baku.  In advance of a Davos ‘retreat’ of leaders of the World Economic Forum to Baku  in April, the international community should reiterate its calls for  dropping of all charges against  Ilgar Mammadov,  Tofiq  Yaqubli and Avaz Zeynalli,  relating to their exercise of their basic rights including freedom of expression, and call on the authorities to desist from targeting those who exercise their rights to  freedom of expression and assembly through penning alternative views, or protesting peacefully.

For the full statement click here