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Våren 1999 ble hundretusener av kosovo-albanere fordrevet fra sine hjem av serbiske styrker, eiendommen deres ble plyndret og ødelagt, tusener ble drept. Halvannet år senere gikk de første valgene av stabelen. Lokalvalgene 28 oktober 2000 kan bety et vendepunkt i prosessen for å stabilisere den spente situasjonen i Kosovo og starte utviklingen av et fredelig, tolerant og åpent samfunn.
The Norwegian Helsinki Committee has followed elections throughout Post-Communist
Europe for a decade. With one exception, the Committee has observed every election in Bosnia and Herzegovina since 1991,. The observation of the November 2000 elections is thus part of a long-term commitment towards the country and the region. Having this in mind we have attempted to give an evaluation of the elections in light of official rules as well as its wider context.
This report seeks to assess the consequences of Lukashenko's re-election for non-governmental organizations and independent media. The term civil society is mainly used to signify NGOs and independent media in this report. It is very hard to single out the different elements of civil society in Belarus as the sector is small and extremely interconnected: there are no clear borders between NGOs, opposition parties, media and independent trade unions.
This report is based on observation of the presidential elections in the Republic of Georgia 9 April 2000. The conclusions of the report are based on election day observations made by the representatives of the Norwegian Helsinki Committee, as well as information gathered in Georgia from international observers and experts and local NGO-representatives and journalists prior to and after the elections.
The report describes current problems and challenges in the field of human rights in Georgia – a post-Soviet country in transition. It presents the legal framework for the protection of human rights and documents the main human rights problems in the country. In order to understand the reasons behind the problems, it is crucial to know the political and historical background of the current situation in the country. Therefore, a substantial part of the report deals with the political environment and the political elite ruling the country during the last decade.
During twenty interviews with refugees from Kosovo (all Albanian) temporarily sheltered in Norway, the informants were asked questions relating first to their displacement, and second to their thoughts regarding the roots and causes of the crisis in Kosovo, their views on the future development of Kosovo and their attitudes and ideas regarding concepts like human rights, democracy and reconciliation. Some interviews were also conducted and additional information on violations of humantitarian law collected, during a mission to Kosovo in early September 1999. The information thus collected, is the basis of the present report.